Hard Water / Limescale
The occurrence of hard water is attributed to mineral ions, notably calcium and magnesium, present in your home's water. While these minerals are beneficial to health, they contribute to the formation of scale. This hard water scale poses a risk of damage to water heaters, dishwashers, washing machines, and ice makers, leading to increased expenses. Furthermore, it diminishes water flow throughout your home, elevates energy consumption in appliances, and may result in premature appliance failure.
Various chemicals may be present in your water, influenced in part by its source. Chlorine or chloramines, commonly used by municipal water treatment plants for disinfection, can persist and enter your drinking water. Additionally, the breakdown of disinfection chemicals may generate byproducts, such as trihalomethanes (THMs), recognized as a cancer-causing agent. Despite water treatment plants employing filters and other techniques to eliminate numerous potential contaminants, there remains a considerable presence of unregulated chemicals in water, lacking legally mandated limits.
Diverse microorganisms, encompassing bacteria, protozoa, and viruses, inhabit water environments, some of which can pose unexpected risks to water safety. Contamination is a potential issue for private wells, community wells, and city water with aging water lines, stemming from various sources that can jeopardize the health of you and your family. A prevalent test assesses the coliform level in water, serving as a reliable indicator of potential contamination by other pathogens. If there are any apprehensions regarding bacterial presence in your water, we strongly advise undergoing testing to ensure water quality and safety.
If your water is sourced from a well or surface water, you might encounter the intrusion of sand and silt particles into your plumbing system. The presence of sand or dirt obstructing faucet aerators or causing the water and ice to appear murky indicates the likelihood of sediment in your water. While managing sediment can be inconvenient, the more significant concern lies in its potential impact on your plumbing infrastructure and water-utilizing appliances.
Sulfur / Odor
Sulfur is a naturally existing element present in various forms and compounds across the Earth. The inclusion of sulfur in a compound is often identifiable by a distinct odor. In water, sulfur commonly appears in the form of dissolved hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas, recognized for its unmistakable scent reminiscent of rotten eggs. High levels of hydrogen sulfide, also found in sewer gas, can contribute to water with elevated sulfur content being likened to the characteristic smell of a sewer.
Chlorine / Bed Taste
Whether you're using city water or enjoying tap water at a restaurant, you may have encountered water with a taste reminiscent of bleach. Chlorine, a gaseous chemical element present in various compounds, acts as a potent oxidizing agent. Its effectiveness as a disinfectant lies in its ability to induce the loss of electrons from the outer membranes of most living cells, leading to structural breakdown and eventual demise. This characteristic, while advantageous for disinfection, also renders chlorine toxic to humans and other animals.